The Artificial Intelligence Law Creates Disparities Between Well-Resourced Companies and Open-Source Users
Technology

Open-Source AI Tools: A Double-Edged Sword for Technology Development and Ethics?

The European standard AI Act has given birth to a new era of regulation for artificial intelligence (AI) systems used in the EU or affecting its citizens. This law will apply gradually to any AI system, making it mandatory for suppliers, implementers, or importers to comply with its requirements. While larger companies have already anticipated restrictions on their developments, smaller entities that lack the capacity to evaluate their systems will have regulatory test environments to develop and train innovative AI before market introduction.

IBM has emphasized the importance of developing AI responsibly and ethically to ensure safety and privacy for society. Various multinational companies, including Google and Microsoft, are in agreement that regulation is necessary to govern AI usage. The focus is on ensuring that AI technologies are developed with positive impacts on the community and society while mitigating risks and complying with ethical standards.

Open-source AI tools are celebrated for diversifying contributions to technology development but also pose risks associated with their widespread accessibility. IBM warns that many organizations may not have established governance to comply with regulatory standards for AI. The proliferation of open-source tools poses risks such as misinformation, prejudice, hate speech, and malicious activities if not properly regulated.

The ethical scientist at Hugging Face points out the potential misuse of powerful models such as non-consensual pornography created by them. Security experts highlight the need for a balance between transparency and security to prevent AI technology from being utilized by malicious actors while attackers experiment with it in activities like phishing emails and fake voice calls but have not yet utilized it on a large scale in creating malicious code.

Despite these risks associated with open-source AI platforms’ accessibility, they still democratize technology development by allowing developers worldwide to contribute ideas without any limitations based on geography or economic status.

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